TRIBAL AFRICAN ART
ATIE (ATYE, ATTYE, AKYE, ANKYE)
The eastern coast of the Côte d' Ivoire comprises the area of lagoons, where the population is divided into twelve different language groups with Atie being one of them. Before colonization each village was autonomous and, when threatened, they united to form a 'confederation'. Usually these people are not governed by chiefs, although a man's social position is determined by his age.
Standing and seated statues with bulbous arms and legs produced by the Atie show strong Baule influence, but they are very marked by their distinctive style. Often the hairdo is geometric. What is unusual is that the relief scarification marks are achieved by insertion of small wooden plugs into the carving. Representing the forces of female fecundity, these statues were used in rituals to make these forces work. This type of statue was known under the tribal name of alangua.